Agriculture of India in Figures !

By Arunav Goel for NeemTree Agro Solutions

Crop production: A brief insight on two of the most produced crops in India
From 10.32 Million Tonnes of wheat production in 1960 to a record high of 102.19 Million Tonnes in 2019, Indian agriculture has come a long way.
● As a result of the green revolution, a hectare of Indian wheat farm that
produced an average of 0.8 tonnes in 1948, produced 4.7 tonnes of wheat in 1975 from the same land.
Wheat area harvested of India increased from 16,626 ha in 1970 to
29,850 ha in 2019
● Total food grain production in the country is estimated at a record 291.95 million tonnes in 2019, making India one of the top three producers for many of the crops.
In 2019, rice production by India was at 117.2 million tonnes growing at an annual rate of 2.75%.
● India exported 11,200 tonnes of rice, at a value of $70.18 billion dollars
making it the Largest agricultural products in India by value.

Land usage: Sum of areas under Arable land and Permanent crops and Permanent pastures is the total agricultural land.
60.45% ie 159.7 million hectares (394.6 million acres) of Indian land used for farming is the second-largest in the world, after the United States.
● Its gross irrigated crop area of 82.6 million hectares (215.6 million acres) is the largest in the world.

Employment and Economy: The percentage of people of working age who provides goods and services for pay or profits.
The percentage of total employment in agriculture in 2019 was 43.21%,
which is the lowest ever in India with the highest being in 1991 at 63.05.
● The percentage of women working in agriculture stood at 56.5 in 2019, the lowest in the past 28 years.
● The percentage of men working in agriculture stood at 39.53 in 2019,again the lowest in the past 28 years.
The percentage of GDP which was contributed by agriculture in 2018 was 14.6, again the lowest ever while the highest came in 1967 with 42.77%.
● Agriculture value added per worker of India increased from 978 US
dollars in 1999 to 1,875 US dollars in 2018

Dairy: One of the most extensively used agricultural products.
Milk production in India grew significantly from 19,386 thousand tonnes to a record high of 2,02,200 thousand tonnes in 2020, making India the
world’s largest milk producer.
● In 2019, the number of cattle and buffaloes in India was 308,700 heads compared to 231,925 heads in 1970.

Poultry: Domesticated birds kept by humans for their meat and eggs.
In 2018, the number of poultry birds for India was 820 million, making
India one of the fastest-growing poultry industry.
● In 2017, poultry meat domestic supply for India was 3,661 thousand
tonnes, growing at an average annual rate of 8.23%.

Fertilizers: A product that is used in soils to provide the required nutrients to the plant.
In 2017, India was using 4.23 million tonnes of NPK fertilizers at 165.8 kg per hectares.
India produced 3.85 million tonnes of fertilizers in 2017, making it the
second largest producer in the world after the USA.

Organic Farming: A technique of farming using biological fertilizers and materials and avoiding the usage of synthetic substances.
With 835,000 certified organic producers, India is home to more than 30 of the total organic producers of the world again the largest in the world.
● Indian agricultural area for organic farming went up from a mere 432
thousand hectares to 1780 thousand hectares.

In 2013, India produced 619,000 tractors making up 29% of the world’s
output, leading as the world’s largest producer and market for tractors.
● There are currently over 450 agritech startups in India as of June 2019, the agritech sector has received more than $248 million in funding.

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One Comment Add yours

  1. D K.Goel says:

    Well done Arunav. Excellent. Keep it up


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